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What does the EC propose to reduce the administrative burden?

The European Commission sent a paper to the Belgian Presidency outlining first possible actions to help reduce the administrative burden.

The document, which will be discussed with Member States in the agricultural Council of 26 February, lists a range of short- and mid-term actions that can be taken to achieve simplification. This will serve as the basis for discussions and joint action with EU countries.

Taking into account that any successful simplification exercise must be carried out in close cooperation with the national administrations and farmers themselves, the Commission will launch in March an online survey directly addressed to farmers. This targeted consultation will help to identify their main sources of concern, and understand the sources of administrative burden and complexity.

Table 1. Example of short-term measures submitted for discussion to Member States.

Measure Impact Timeline
Changing rules of the calculation of permanent grassland to cater for cases of structural changes in farming Farmers with reduced livestock will not have to reconvert arable areas to pasture Delegated act to be adopted in March
Reviewing possible agricultural practices to cover soils Farmers can have more flexibility in how they fulfil this conditionality Clarification to be presented and discussed with Member States in March
Revising the EU methodology to assess the quality of the Area Monitoring System Farmers will receive up to 50% fewer on-farm visits; this will also free up resources in national administrations Finalisation and presentation of the new methodology in March
Clarifying the concept of force majeure Impacted farmers will have more certainty regarding the receipt of their CAP payments and national administrations will benefit from a clearer interpretation at EU level, preventing budgetary errors Presentation of the clarification to Member States in March
Facilitating exchanges of best practices and amendments to CAP Strategic Plans National administrations can identify with more ease areas of possible simplification and implement them faster to the benefit of farmers Ongoing process

22 February 2024/ EC/ European Union.
https://ec.europa.eu
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New decrease in Spanish pork exports in 2023

During the past year, Spanish exports of pork and prepared products to third countries decreased by 16%.

According to the latest data published by CEXGAN, Spain exported to third countries a total of 1,346,625 t of pork and prepared products last year, 16% less than in 2022, when 1,599,340 t were exported. This is the second consecutive year with decreases in exports of these products after the peak reached in 2021 with 1,919,406 tons exported.

As graph 1 shows, we see how the leading buyer by far continues to be China, although exports to this destination have been reduced by 17% compared to 2022, and if we compare with 2020, the year of the highest volume of exports to China, the decrease has been 58%. In 2023, the values were similar to those before the occurrence of african swine fever in China (first outbreak confirmed in August 2018).

China was followed by Japan as the main destinations, with a decrease of 12%, the Philippines (-28%), South Korea (-19%) and Great Britain, which, on the other hand, increased its imports of Spanish pork products by 3%. It is also worth highlighting how, after Brexit (January 31, 2020), as it is considered a third country, it appears in the graphs from 2021 and we can see how exports to Great Britain exceed those to Hong Kong.

The Philippines, after two years ranking as the second destination, in 2023 returned to third position.

Evolution of Spanish exports of pork and pork products to their main destination markets. Source: 333 based on CEXGAN data

Evolution of Spanish exports of pork and pork products to their main destination markets. Source: 333 based on CEXGAN data

Graph 2 shows the progression of each country's share of total exports. As shown, China has gone from importing 78% of total Spanish exports of pork and pork products in 2020 to representing 43% of the total in 2023.

Graph 2. Evolution of the share of the main importers of Spanish pork and pork products. Source: 333 based on CEXGAN data.

February 20, 2024 / Editorial 333 based on CEXGAN data.
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Brazil: sustained growth in pork exports in 2023

Significant increases were also recorded in pig slaughter and pork production, as well as a slight increase in apparent consumption.

  • Pig slaughter in 2023 reached 56.8 million heads, an increase of 1.5% compared to the 56.0 million heads consolidated in 2022.

  • Pork production in 2023 grew by 2.3% compared to the previous year, from 5.2 to 5.3 million tons.

  • The volume of imports reached 4,887 tons, which means a decrease of 49.9% compared to 2022 (9,760 tons).

  • 97.1% of imports in 2023 were fat (44%), salted or brined pork (35.9%) and frozen offal (17.2%).

  • In 2023, exports increased by 9.8% compared to the previous year, from 1.10 to 1.20 million tons, respectively.

Figure 2. Evolution of pig exports in 2023, year-on-year variations. Prepared by the 333 Latin America with data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and COMEX STAT. 

Figure 2. Evolution of pig exports in 2023, year-on-year variations. Prepared by the 333 Latin America with data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and COMEX STAT. 

  • Shipments of frozen pork (86.9%), pork offal (7.6%) and bone-in legs and shoulders (2.4%) represented 96.9% of total exports for the year.

  • Apparent consumption reached 4.07 million tons, which represents an increase of 0.1% compared to 2022, while per capita consumption was estimated at 20.7 kg/inhabitant.

Editorial 333 Latin America with data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). https://www.ibge.gov.br/ | COMEX STAT | Brasil. http://comexstat.mdic.gov.br/
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